The Arab Heads of Government Summit in Beirut was held in March 2002 under the aegis of the Arab League. The summit ended with the presentation of a plan to end the Israeli-Palestinian conflict. Israeli Foreign Minister Shimon Peres welcomed this and said: “The details of any peace plan must be discussed directly between Israel and the Palestinians, and to achieve this, the Palestinian Authority must put an end to the terror of which we only had the appalling expression last night in Netanien”, regarding the suicide bombing of Netanya the day before, which the Beirth summit did not address. According to him, Israel is not willing to negotiate, as requested by the Arab League`s plan, because it does not want “a complete withdrawal from the 1967 borders and the right of return of Palestinian refugees”.  On 13 August, the governments of Israel and the United Arab Emirates announced their agreement for a complete normalization of relations in exchange for Israel`s abandonment of announced plans to annex large Palestinian territories. This agreement, known as the Abraham Agreement, would, if fully implemented, be the first such Arab-Israeli reconciliation since the 1994 Israeli-Jordanian peace treaty, and would avoid, at least temporarily, an Israeli-Palestinian and even wider regional deterioration that could have occurred after the unilateral annexation of Israel. Robert Barron of the USIP examines how the agreement was reached, the role played by the United States and what it means for the Israeli-Palestinian peace process and Israel`s relations with the Arab world as a whole. Official peace efforts were launched on 10 March 2016, with no condition that Palestine be automatically recognised by France if efforts were to fail. French Foreign Minister Jean-Marc Ayrault said: “There is never anything automatic. France will present its initiative to its partners.
This will be the first step, there is no condition. France has announced that the first preliminary meeting will take place on 30 May 2016 in Paris. Although the summit will bring together representatives from 20 countries to discuss Israeli-Palestinian peace, representatives from Israel and the Palestinian territories were not invited.